December 29, 2020

hindu caste list

The Vedic tribes regarded themselves as arya (the noble ones) and the rival tribes were called dasa, dasyu and pani. Even today, non-Indians are considered to be members of the lowest castes. According to the classical 2nd century lawgiver Manu the duties of the Vaisyas were “to keep herds of cattle, to bestow largess, to sacrifice, to read the scripture, to carry on trade, to lend at interest, and to cultivate the land.” They were vital to keeping the economy going. Other households are identified by subcaste: 16 Banias (merchants and businessmen); 40 Mallas (fishermen); 20 Koiris (farmers); 25 telis (oil seed crushers who use bullock powered presses); 20 Lohars (blacksmiths); 15 Ahirs (cowherds); 10 Dhobis (washermen); 10 Khatiks (fruit and pig dealers); 5 Gawals (sheep herders); 3 Bhats (singers and dancers for perform at weddings); 2 Nias (barbers); 2 Doms (cremation attendants); and 1 Gond (peanut seller). Often times the water they collect makes their children sick. Compilation of Central Government Instructions and Guidelines regarding issue of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Certificates (size :.6MB) ***** List of the Constitutional (Scheduled Castes) Orders issued up to 26-10-2017: The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 (updated up to 26-10-2017) (size :.44MB) (size :.1MB) The word varna can mean class, order, or type. The term is derived from the Sanskrit jāta, “born” or “brought into existence,” and indicates a form of existence determined by birth. In any small village, there may be representatives of a few or even a score or more castes. The involvement of Sweepers with such filth accords with their low-status position at the bottom of the Hindu caste hierarchy, even as their services allow high-status people, such as Brahmins, to maintain their ritual purity. So between the period of about 3500 years, Hindus have thrown out the original caste system and have evolved now to a new form of the caste system. Smartism , an older tradition and later reestablished by Jagatguru Adi Shankaracharya, invites the worship of more than one god including Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, Shakti and Ganesha (the elephant faced god) among other gods and goddesses. *, Castes that fall within the top four ranked varnas are sometimes referred to as the "clean castes," with Dalits considered "unclean." The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. *, Image Sources: Wikimedia Commons and the 19th century book Seventy-two Specimens of Castes in India. [Source: Library of Congress, 1995] Although a varna is not a caste, when directly asked for their caste affiliation, particularly when the questioner is a Westerner, many Indi… Other terms used to describe them include Depressed Classes, Avarna (outside the varna system), Antyaja (last-borne), Outcastes (inaccurate since they are in caste system), Adi-Dravida (meaning “original Dravidians”), external caste, backwards castes, Panchama (meaning fifth varna, a term developed to accommodate intercaste offspring into the caste system) and Pariah (a term used by the British based on the name of the major Untouchable group of Tamil Nadu). Over centuries the basic castes have split into thousands of separate subdivisions based usually on occupation and location. Each village usually has members of 20 castes or so living there full time---farmers, bakers, tailors, merchants, tax-collectors, shoemakers, government officials, animal herders, servants, laborers, and artisans. 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