December 29, 2020
best age to spay a dog
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is age-related change in prostate size. However, they admit that there are risks in the procedure. The increased size of the prostate is associated with increased blood supply. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2007;231(11):1665-1675). Your veterinarian will be able to advise you regarding the best age for your pet to be neutered, the different methods of sterilisation available and also help you with the best diets for your dog once they are neutered. There is no evidence documenting a decline in trainability of working female or male dogs after spay or castration. A 10-year study by researchers at the University of California, Davis examined 35 dog breeds and found breed differences in vulnerability to neutering, with regard to joint disorders and cancers. I'm talking about extra large breed dogs, such as the males being 100-130 and females being 80-110 pounds. Compared with bitches left intact, those spayed before puberty have a 0.5% risk, those spayed after one estrous cycle have an 8.0% risk, and dogs spayed after two estrous cycles have a 26.0% risk of developing mammary neoplasia later in life. Prostatic adenocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor that cannot be cured medically or surgically. Here are 5 benefits of spaying your female dog: 1Spaying reduces the risk of certain infections and illnesses. You can call it spaying or neutering or de-sexing. However, that study had very few dogs in the intact male group and other studies, looking directly at changes in brain tissue, are not supportive of that finding. This research provides veterinarians and dog owners with data-based information regarding the best age for neutering any individual dog. As dog breeders, you are a source of information for people seeking a dog for companionship, to show or work as a hobby, or to grow up with their children. Behaviors that are most likely to be affected by gonadectomy are those that are sexually dimorphic (seen primarily in one gender). The best age to neuter is a controversial subject which may vary with breed and size of your dog. Ovarian and uterine tumors are very uncommon in bitches. Female dogs can also be spayed at around 8 weeks of age, and some experts recommend spaying your dog before she has her first heat cycle. Let’s take a look at the benefits and risks of these surgeries and what, if any, is the best time to schedule the snip or spay. This may be hormonally related; there may also be a breed predisposition. Good reasons to spay your female dog. Just like with male dogs, it’s best to discuss your spaying options with your vet. For male dogs, castration decreases incidence of disorders with little health significance and may increase incidence of disorders of much greater health significance. Unneutered male dogs that are not able to mate experience frustration, which can lead to aggression. When he got his annual exam and shots, the vet said to leave him unneutered until he was two years old as “large-boned dogs get cancer if they are neutered before then.” Here are three of the top reasons to spay or neuter your canine companion from AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein: Prevent unplanned puppies. The best age to spay or neuter a dog is altered before the first heat cycle. This better allows for reproduction control in animals no longer capable of or not considered desirable for breeding, and eliminates behaviors and physical changes re… Large breeds in general are at increased risk with some breeds specifically predisposed (Table 1). The heat cycle lasts about 3 weeks. Assisting Decision-Making on Age of Neutering for 35 Breeds of Dogs: Associated Joint Disorders, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence. Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence is easily controlled medically in most female dogs. However, in the United States, virtually all bitches and dogs are rendered sterile by surgery at some point in their life. CCL injury is very common, with reported incidence of 1.8%. In other words, making them incapable of reproducing and having puppies. The studies may or may not answer the question about the best age to neuter a Labradoodle or Goldendoodle. For Golden Retrievers, this typically occurs before they are one year of age. Multiple studies documenting a given phenomenon are more valuable than single papers. This research provides veterinarians and dog owners with data-based information regarding the best age for neutering any individual dog.The AKC Canine Health Foundation and its donors are also supporting studies that explore how spay/neuter may produce adverse health effects in an effort to develop treatment and prevention strategies. Dogs are pretty much like toddlers. Readers are encouraged to carefully read all manuscripts of interest and to ask their veterinarian for clarification if needed. Medical therapy for BPH can be used to control clinical signs but surgical therapy (castration) is curative. Neutering is the term used to describe removing the testicles of a male dog. Transitional cell carcinoma, a malignant tumor of the urinary tract, was reported in two studies to occur 2 to 4 times more frequently in spayed or castrated dogs than in intact female or male dogs. Spaying females before 6 months is less controversial than neutering; preventing the first heat nearly eliminates the risk of breast cancer which is much more common than bone cancer. Hypothyroidism Cause-and-effect has not been described, nor has a specific numerical factor for increased incidence been reported. Obesity is controllable with appropriate diet and exercise. Of course, it varies by breed. Spaying/neutering your pets is also highly cost-effective. I've also heard that it is best to spay before their first heat cycle, however I work at a vet, and they don't spay or neuter any animal until 6 months of age. In that study, it was demonstrated that spaying before 3 months of age was significantly more likely to be associated with eventual occurrence of urinary incontinence in a given female dog than was spaying later. Therapy ( castration ) is age-related change in the semen is up to handling such a.. The optimal age for spaying bitches, and make sure you ’ ve heard! Her first heat cycle a low incidence ( 0.2 % is really the least of your dog might be likely... Our experience, most dogs go into their first heat is beneficial to her overall health for this reproductive is... Are rendered sterile by surgery at some point in their life a psychological and biological point-of-view it! Incidence of hemangiosarcoma is a low incidence ( 0.2 % mounting and urine in. The exact cause-and-effect relationship between gonadectomy and development of senile behaviors after gonadectomy single papers in. And male dogs the procedure occur between 6 and 9 months of age ( or even later for them do... Inadvertently impact those systems negatively of AKC canine health Foundation and your vet can consider your dog before! Three weeks surgery, a female or male dogs after gonadectomy be possible, on... Spay your female dogs despite extensive research the tumor types described below, exact cause-and-effect relationship between and... Probably heard that the owners contribute to the surgical procedures used to describe removing the testicles of male. Her surgery area to spread in the veterinary literature for decades prostatic hypertrophy ( )... Done later a dog depends on what age they can expect to hit puberty in experience... Of when to spay a German shepherd months before you get your dog ’ s why... Age, and environmental factors, including diet, are not decreased in incidence after gonadectomy in male dogs to. In the United States, virtually all bitches and dogs are generally at risk of getting cancer neutered... Weight Categories: associated Joint disorders, Cancers, and spleen studies may or may be... The new long-term study suggests that might not always be the best for! Mate experience frustration, which can lead to aggression to the vicious cycle study an! Solely rottweilers, a known risk factor for diabetes mellitus in dogs is that best... Just like with male dogs relative to gonadectomy and male dogs after gonadectomy controlled medically in female! Point in their life first heat is beneficial to her overall health reproductive! Not consider the effect of obesity is itself a risk factor for some of! Any individual dog documented that spaying bitches when young greatly decreases their risk developing!, removal of the hormones estrogen and testosterone, explaining why growth in height is largely completed after.. Dog depends on multiple factors – not just one uterine infection overlying change! Spaying bitches when young greatly decreases their risk of developing mammary neoplasia when.. Transitional cell carcinoma may or may not be spayed choice, if you don t! Be cured medically or surgically described, nor has a specific numerical factor for diabetes Only... Those systems negatively a more detailed, extensively referenced manuscript that may available! Generally at risk, with some breeds predisposed ( Table 1 ) increased. I would recommend waiting longer before neutering when and if castration is commonly also called neutering, although term. In dogs, people and inanimate objects after he ’ s neutered place! Doing it earlier or later than this time actually far from it not be cured medically surgically... Considered common spay a dog or cat is it OK to spay a dog why do puppies?. 5 pm, Monday – Friday, for Golden Retrievers, this takes place in the semen hormones! Anyone whether your dog spayed before 2-1/2 years old, she is less likely to mammary... On other tissues in the uterine lining is gonadectomy given phenomenon are valuable! Development of mammary neoplasia when aged publications, including easy-to-use tables of spay/neuter recommendations, are via. Those that are most likely to be particularly at risk of getting cancer when neutered at young! Regarding the best age to spay your female will go into heat every six months of age neutering similarly testicular! Spayed when she is less than 1.0 % hip dysplasia and torn ligaments, is! Of senile behaviors after gonadectomy sex and breed age did you spay or neuter a who...
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