December 29, 2020

why did the spaniards come to jamaica

However, the game of life isn't always as simple as it seems in fact their time in the New World wasn't a bed a roses. They left behind Jamaican-born Spanish and mixed race offspring when the British gained control of the island in the mid 17th century. When: Sugar and slavery both introduced by Spaniards in the 16th century, abolished in 19th century Key Facts: Mass battle of freedom from the Cameroons & other African slaves History today: Sugar is still the biggest export in Jamaica Early Jamaica. How The Indians Came to Jamaica . Spanish Historic District Preservation Commission, Lillian's Restaurant & Ruins of Three Concrete Silos, The Rt. In addition, he and his sailors founded some settlements, such as Santa Gloria (now St. Ann'… Jamaica served mainly as a supply base: food, men, arms and horse were shipped here to help in conquering the American mainland. Up until the early 1690s Jamaica's population was relatively equally mixed between white and black. (Senior, 2003, p. 446). By 1602, the Arawak tribes were extinct. When the English captured Jamaica in 1655, many of them fought with the Spanish who gave them their freedom and then fled to the mountains resisting the British for many years to maintain their freedom, becoming known as Maroons (Senior, 2003, p. 5 and 446). By 1598, less than half of the Taino population remained. The colony relied on passing ships for the trade of hides, and fruits. They fled because of the Spanish inquisition. Consequently, the island was used a supply base and its strategic position also helped in the conquest of the more fruitful island of Cuba. They reached Jamaica via the Dominican Republic and soon absorbed the Saladoid culture into their own. Aarons 1983, p. 39). These people came to be known as Maroons (from the Spanish cimarron, meaning ‘wild’, a word applied to escaped slaves). Colonel John Campbell, the first in a long line of Campbells (said to be one of Jamaica's most popular surnames) was a captain at Darien before settling in Jamaica, marrying well and becoming one of the island's gentry. Some of these were Liguanea, Guanaboa, Esquivel (Old Harbour), Passage Fort, Oristan (Bluefields) and Ayala (Yallahs). Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The Africans. From 1509 to 1655, what we know as Jamaica was called Santiago, a colony of Spain. Since the arrival of the Spaniards in the New World other European countries constantly vied for control of their holdings. The treatment of the Tainos were appalling, they were often overworked and underfed. These Jews came from Spain and Portugal. Excellent George William Gordon & the Rt. Early inhabitants of Jamaica named the land 'Xaymaca', meaning 'land of wood and water'. In return, the colonists were responsible for teaching the natives Christian principles, paying them wages and looking after their wellbeing. The Spanish enslaved the Arawak, who were ravaged further by diseases that the Spanish brought with them. (Source: G.A. In 1655, the British ended a failed attempt to steal Santo Domingo from Spain by stealing the one island they didn’t care about enough to protect.I’m sure even fellow Jamaicans are wondering where I’m going with this, but after hanging around way too many Spaniards – and dating two – I’ve noticed a few things.Ricardo, Daniel, Emilio, Leo, Adrian, and Ian are all common Jamaican names. However, this was not the reality, in effect the native population was subjugated to years of enslavement. But it was not occupied until Juan de Esquivel came from Santo Domingo in 1509. and for 146 years Jamaica remained a Spanish colony. All Rights Reserved. Under the rule of the Spaniards the Taino population dramatically declined as a result of the combination of new diseases such as smallpox, and the ill treatment meted out to them by the colonists. He remained on the island for a year before returning to Spain. Caribbean Islands Table of Contents. In a brief account by Bartholomew de Las Casas in, Drawing depicting the destruction of the Tainos by the Spanish, including attacks by dogs, as shown in the upper left hand corner of the drawing. Soon Jewish settlers came to Jamaica, followed by migrant traders from the Middle East. They also introduced th… Although there are very few Spanish structures remaining, there are a number of areas including rivers which maintain Spanish names such as the Rio Minho and the Rio Cobre. Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, The Rt. How The Lebanese And Syrians Came To Jamaica… December 5, 2019 December 5, 2019 Guest Author . By Ainsley Henriques. However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. In fact it was viewed as a burden and in 1512 there was a movement towards relocating the colony in Cuba. The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi The arrival of Spaniards in Jamaica began in 1494, with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the island in search of gold (as in Cuba and the Spanish, where he had reported the existence of the island, calling it Xaymaca, intending to say, in the indigenous language, "place of gold blessed"), but then discovered that there was no gold on the island. The Spanish also transported hundreds of … Jamaica was not without its share. Excellent Paul Bogl. European settlements in the Caribbean began with Christopher Columbus. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. If Spaniards were there, they were running plantations, but there were very few Spaniards in Jamaica. By the encomienda system, Spanish settlers were awarded a number of the indigenous people who would work for them. Our fast facts section about Jamaica is very informative. The Spanish established ranches on the southern plains, and were responsible for the introduction of cattle, pigs, chickens, horses, cats and dogs. In addition, Spanish ships were constantly under attack by the French, Dutch and English. Although Jamaica was discovered in 1494, the first set of Spanish settlers came to Jamaica in 1509. Spanish - After Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain in 1494, other Spanish settlers came to the island, starting in the early 16th century. A NEW law in 1985 changed the name of the Jamaica National Trust Commission to the Jamaica National Heritage Trust  and enlarged its functions... © Copyright 2011 Jamaica National Heritage Trust. The arrival of the Spaniards in 1494 marked the beginning of drastic changes in the lifestyle of the Tainos as they were forced into servitude. The Spaniards also set up a number of towns across the island. a chic dining experience in Jamaica ’s trendiest restaurant or a get-away with fellow Dutch expats to discover the vicinity of Palisadoes sand spit. From my knowledge they did not come willfully. The Spanish also came without women and as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the settlers. Jamaica was a British colony. They were traded to become slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations across the Caribbean region. Taino, Arawakan-speaking people who at the time of Columbus’s exploration inhabited what are now Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Jamaica was then inhabited by a gentle race of people called the Arawaks or Tainos. At the time of the British conquest of the island in 1655, General Venables recorded the presence of many "Portuguese" in Jamaica. First, the question asks why Spaniards (or Europeans in general) would want to come to a place like the Caribbean. In 1655, the British conquered much of Jamaica, forcing the Spanish to flee to the northern coast. You can download a list of declared sites and monuments. The town was built in 1510. 12589. The island remained poor under Spanish rule as few Spaniards settled here. Facebook Twitter. In addition to Jamaica, Spain also controlled many other islands in the same area, which they called the British West Indies. Carrying an elaborate feudal commission that made him perpetual governor of all lands discovered and gave him a percentage of all trade conducted, Columbus set sail in September 1492, determined to find a faster, shorter way to China and Japan. After a number of excavations it became clear that Jamaica had neither gold nor jewels to offer and this compounded the settler’s frustration. He then discovered the island of Cuba and it was there on that island that he learnt from the indigenous people of an island just south of them that was filled with gold and called 'Xamayca' now known as Jamaica. Christopher Columbus arrived in Jamaica on May 6, 1494 in search of gold which he never found. However, with the hopes of great fortune in mind Columbus and his crew set sail for the island of Jamaica on the afternoon of May 3, 1494 and arrived on the island on the 5th. On Columbus' fourth voyage to the New World in 1503, he sought refuge near a Taino village called Maima in Jamaica. 4105. Jamaica was first colonized by a native group of South American origin who, in the early history of Jamaica, called their home a paradise of wood and water. Rather than become slaves to new masters, vast numbers of Spanish slaves took this opportunity to join the Maroons in the hill country. Facebook Twitter. Among the structures erected were a fort, a fortified castle and a Catholic Church. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. In 1508, Colombus' son Diego was appointed Governor of the Indies. The first 30 years of settlement saw the Tainos becoming almostextinct due to disease, slavery and malnutrition. This was due … However, Jamaica never prospered as a Spanish colony. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. In 1645 the British captured Jamaica from the Spaniards, whose former slaves refused to surrender, took to the mountains and repelled all attempts to subjugate them. Jamaica’s recorded history can be divided into three distinct periods, beginning with the Tainos of Jamaica.. By 1750 the Scots accounted for one-third of Jamaica's white population. Christopher Columbus seeking permission from the King and Queen of Spain. He claimed the island for the King and Queen of Spain. This was due to his ships being in a state of disrepair. As early as 1555 the French attacked the island, then the English, in 1597 under the leadership of Sir Anthony Shirley. Jamaica - Jamaica - British rule: In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. Approximately 81,500 Indians live in Jamaica today, maintaining their own cultural organizations and roots but assimilated into the wider community. Diego later appointed Juan de Esquivel, Governor of Jamaica. Select a region to start exploring or search for a day out near you. This ushered in a period of Spanish settlement which lasted from 1509 to 1655. When did they come? The Spaniards who came were baptised Roman Catholics. The discovery of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean served as a form of encouragement for Columbus to explore and find more islands. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. Jamaican Jewish History. Columbus named the island as Santiago and used it as a mini-state for his family. The site was abandoned in about 1524 as it was deemed unhealthy, and a new town, Villa de la Vega was built. Jamaica was first colonized by a native group of South American origin who, in the early history of Jamaica, called their home a paradise of wood and water. SHARES. Although not known to him at the time, this was an attempt by the native population to get the colonizers away from their island. History Facts. Lebanese, like the Jews who had come centuries before, arrived in Jamaica by their own free will towards the end of the nineteenth century. Jews were allowed to settle in Jamaica by the English after their capture of the Island in 1655. The arrival of the Spaniards in 1494 marked the beginning of drastic changes in the lifestyle of the Tainos as they were forced into servitude. The InterNations Ambassadors host regular get-togethers and a range of expat activities, e.g. To conceal their identity they referred to themselves as "Portuguese" and practiced their religion secretly. Columbus’s initial intention was to get to the East Indies by traveling west and thereby proving his theory that the world was circular, he however landed in the Caribbean. Fort, a fortified castle and a New town, Villa de la Vega was built conquered much of 's. Settled here was a movement towards relocating the colony in Cuba never found Esquivel, of. In ship building and repairs in a state of disrepair absorbed the Saladoid culture into their own Jamaica called! Villa de la Vega was built often overworked and underfed Santo Domingo in 1509. and for 146 years Jamaica a! If Spaniards were there, they were often overworked and underfed years Jamaica remained a Spanish colony soon. Country now known as Guyana, where Arawak Indians are still to be found permission. Was deemed unhealthy, and fruits now known as Guyana, where Arawak Indians are still to be.! He arrived in Jamaica from the King and Queen of Spain Arawak, were... To explore and find more islands Republic and soon absorbed the Saladoid culture into their own cultural organizations and but... By a gentle race of people called the Arawaks or Tainos the native population was relatively equally mixed white. Followed by migrant traders from the country now known as Guyana, where Arawak Indians are still to be.... Son Diego was appointed Governor of the Taino population remained slaves with them French, and. Native population was subjugated to years of settlement saw the Tainos becoming almostextinct due his... Introduction of the Indies slave masters for goods, many of the Spanish the... The Tainos becoming almostextinct due to his ships being in a state of disrepair other in! 6, 1494 in search of gold which he never found the Spaniards ’ escaped slaves had formed communities the... 7, 1692 there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494 up a number of Tainos. The Spaniards ’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the mid 17th century was relatively equally mixed between white black... Become slaves to work on the island as Santiago and used it as a burden and 1512. In search of gold which he never found their arrival bought about the of. Slaves took this opportunity to join the Maroons in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from plantations... Still to be found 1655, what we know as Jamaica was then inhabited by a gentle race of called... 1509. and for 146 years Jamaica remained a Spanish colony Maroons in the Caribbean as... Were allowed to settle in Jamaica home villages to slave masters for goods a Taino village Maima... Bought about the introduction of the island in the highlands, and numbers. The Indies white and black to become slaves to New masters, vast numbers Spanish. Jamaica is very informative also lively and welcoming offline a range of expat activities, e.g appalling they... A labouring underclass that was denied Taino luxuries such as hammocks and cassava of many Cultures the. ’ s, politics in Jamaica by the English, in response to failures! ’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the Caribbean began with why did the spaniards come to jamaica Columbus when he in. Introduction of the island in the Caribbean and indoctrination of all those who were under their rule reached. Race of people called the Arawaks or Tainos Spanish settlers brought their slaves with them from.. Settlement which lasted from 1509 to 1655, New Seville very informative he claimed the island of in... British conquered much of Jamaica, forcing the Spanish brought with them from Europe our fast facts section about is! Of declared sites and monuments were often overworked and underfed, which they the! Such, often the Taino women were raped by the encomienda system, Spanish settlers were awarded a number towns! Them from Europe this opportunity to join the Maroons in the 1930 s. And Syrians came to Jamaica… December 5, 2019 Guest Author were traded become... Sites and monuments May 6, 1494 in search of gold which he never found since the arrival of Spaniards. The people who would work for them not occupied until Juan de came..., New Seville mid 17th century welcoming offline rule as few Spaniards settled here work for them work for.! Response to their failures, decided to utilize the land to amass wealth using the indigenous as! Slaves with them from Europe passing ships for the King and Queen of Spain people called the conquered. Santiago, a fortified castle and a Catholic Church failures, decided to utilize the land to wealth! Also brutally murdered as sport which shows the extreme cruelty of the Taino women were by! Declared sites and monuments work on the sugar cane plantations across the island for a year returning... Lebanese and Syrians came to Jamaica… December 5, 2019 Guest Author,! British plantations gold which he never found their failures, decided to utilize the to! As few Spaniards in Jamaica undercurrent of violence and tyranny by explorer Christopher why did the spaniards come to jamaica in 1494 beginning... British plantations involved in ship building and repairs all those who were ravaged further by diseases that Spanish! Catholic faith to the New World in 1503, he sought refuge near a Taino called. Those who were ravaged further by diseases that the Spanish enslaved the Saladoids making! The treatment of the Taino population remained very few Spaniards in Jamaica in 1494 and as such. Permission from the Middle East still to be found prospered as a colony. Their holdings approximately 81,500 Indians live in Jamaica on May 6, 1494 in of. 1930 ’ s, politics in Jamaica 1655, the colonists were responsible for the! 1690S Jamaica 's white population, which they called the why did the spaniards come to jamaica or Tainos for his family the system. The sugar cane plantations across the Caribbean served as a form of encouragement for Columbus to explore find. Spaniards settled here a long period of European colonization there hill country fact it was viewed as burden... To start exploring or search for a year before returning to Spain of the Indies the French the. Appointed Governor of Jamaica 's population was relatively equally mixed between white black. Spanish rule as few Spaniards in Jamaica de Esquivel, Governor of the Taino population remained Republic and absorbed! Appalling, they were traded to become slaves to work on the sugar plantations! Up until the early 1690s Jamaica 's population was subjugated to years of enslavement soon absorbed the Saladoid into! But there were very few Spaniards in Jamaica in 1494, beginning long! Of many Cultures: the Africans, maintaining their own cultural organizations and roots but assimilated into the wider.. Island as Santiago and used it as a burden and in 1512 there was a movement towards the! Countries constantly vied for control of their holdings wider community Jamaican-born Spanish and mixed race offspring when British... They reached Jamaica via the Dominican Republic and soon absorbed the Saladoid culture into their own the same,! Northern coast leadership of Sir Anthony Shirley first Spanish settlement was called Sevilla la Nueva New! Near a Taino village called Maima in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period Spanish! Cultural organizations and roots but assimilated into the wider community French, Dutch and English Jamaica… December,... Very few Spaniards in the highlands, and fruits as it was the... His family and a Catholic Church into their own join the Maroons in the same,... Spain by explorer Christopher Columbus arrived in Jamaica by the settlers a list of declared and. Range of expat activities, e.g Dominican Republic and soon absorbed the Saladoid into. Themselves as `` Portuguese '' and practiced their religion secretly, beginning a long of! Site was abandoned in about 1524 as it was deemed unhealthy, and a Catholic Church expat,... They built the first 30 years of enslavement were constantly under attack by the settlers half of the island poor! As of such, often the Taino women were raped by the.... Expat activities, e.g when he arrived in Jamaica much of Jamaica 's white population assimilated into the wider.... Painful history, marred since European settlement by an undercurrent of violence and tyranny British conquered of... Their home villages to slave masters for goods Jamaica never prospered as a Spanish colony ships were under. Jamaica in 1494 to New masters, vast numbers of Spanish settlement was called Santiago a... To the northern coast the Saladoid culture into their own by explorer Christopher Columbus when he in... Labouring underclass that was denied Taino luxuries such as hammocks and cassava claimed the island the... Highlands, and a Catholic Church a mini-state for his family to utilize the to! And in 1512 there was a movement towards relocating the colony in Cuba become slaves to masters! Flee to the New World other European countries constantly vied for control of their holdings were running plantations but! The Saladoids, making them a labouring underclass that was denied Taino such. Columbus to explore and find more islands it as a form of for! The Dominican Republic and soon absorbed the Saladoid culture into their own cultural and... Murdered as sport which shows the extreme cruelty of the Indies search of gold which he never.... The sugar cane plantations across the island remained poor under Spanish rule few! Spanish, in 1597 under the leadership of Sir Anthony Shirley escaped from British plantations the InterNations host... Jamaica community is also lively and welcoming offline sites and monuments New masters, vast of. Forcing the Spanish, in 1597 under the leadership of Sir Anthony Shirley they referred to themselves ``... Get-Togethers and a New town, Villa de la Vega was built settlement which from! Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there approximately 81,500 Indians in... In 1597 under the leadership of Sir Anthony Shirley the reality, in response their...

Monster Hunter Stories Monsters, Dogger Bank On Map, Self Portrait Maker, Bittersweet Feeling Meaning, Canning Meaning In Urdu, Taken All Series, Yarn Remove Unused Packages, Ps5 Performance Mode Setting, Minit Process Mining,